An overhead door contact is a switch used to tie a garage overhead door into a home alarm system. They operate exactly like a standard magnetic contact, but are built inside a rugged housing to take the vibration and temperature extremes of a garage environment. Manufacturers include Honeywell, Sentrol, and Seco-larm.
Most homeowners don’t include an overhead contact in their main house alarm system plans, mainly for reasons of convenience. For help in deciding whether or not you need (or want) to alarm the overhead door, see this page on connecting a garage door contact.
Like most home security devices, proper installation of an overhead
contact is critical to success. Here I’ll show you the best ways to
install overhead switches and magnets to avoid damage or other problems.
The two styles of garage overhead door found in residential construction are the sectional or roll-up type, and the older style one-piece or swing-up awning type. For new construction and replacements, sectional panel overhead doors are the standard.
For one-piece overhead doors, a contact can be installed at either the top (preferable) or the bottom.
For sectional overhead doors, there are 3 choices: top, bottom, or track mounting. Standard overhead door contacts are used for top and bottom locations, while installing on the track requires a special track-mount contact. Let’s look at each mounting location, and see which one is best for your situation.
Bottom mounting has been the most common method used for overhead doors in the past, and can still be a good option. The contact is secured to the concrete floor using plastic anchors and screws. The magnet attaches to the bottom rail of the overhead door with screws, or with bolts and nuts.
The two biggest drawbacks to the bottom-mount method are:
Drilling into concrete for the anchors can be as easy as using a masonry bit of the proper diameter. And, for a newer house, that’s probably all that would be necessary.
For older homes, it may not be so simple. Concrete hardens as it ages, so drilling into a garage floor that’s several years old will likely require a hammer drill. Hammer drills not only spin the bit like a regular drill, but they pound the bit forward in rapid pulses to chip into the concrete. This tool is relatively expensive, and not something the average homeowner would own. Also, special bits are needed that are strong enough to handle the pounding of impact-type tools.
The other, much less likely problem with bottom mounting of an overhead door contact is possible damage from traffic into and out of the garage. Your car will probably never hit the overhead contact, unless you’re a very poor driver! No, damage is more likely to come from bicycles, ATV’s, riding mowers and even materials stacked near the door.
The overhead door contact itself is built pretty tough, and is usually
not damaged. More commonly, the armored cabling containing the wiring
can get snagged and pulled apart.
For these reasons, I recommend avoiding the bottom location. Top mounting is a better option for one-piece doors, and track mounting is best of all if you have a sectional overhead door.
If you must install an overhead door contact at the bottom, careful installation can make damage to the contact fairly unlikely. Follow these tips:
Both of these steps will help to reduce the chance that the armored cable gets snagged and damaged.
Top mounting a garage door contact is a good way to keep it and the magnet out of harm’s way from traffic.
For top mounting, the contact is installed on the header board using
screws. The magnet attaches to the top edge of the door with screws or
bolts and nuts. As with any overhead contact, secure the cable every few
inches to keep it from becoming caught during door movement.
A garage overhead contact that changed the game for me was the Sentrol garage door sensor. Until this unit came out several years ago, overhead door contacts could only be mounted either at the top or bottom.
The track mount switch is specially designed to fit the curved profile of the guide rail of a sectional door. It clamps on to the track with tension from a setscrew, so no drilling is needed for the switch.
The magnet installs into the corresponding spot on the door panel with self-tapping screws, so a socket bit will do the trick.
Whenever possible, choose a track mount contact for any sectional roll-up overhead door. They don’t cost much more than a standard overhead door contact, and the savings in time and labor is well worth the added expense.
For a DIY home security system/do-it-yourselfer, the few dollars spent beats having to buy a hammer drill. For professional alarm installers, the lack of “headache factor” is well worth any minor cost in materials.
For a one-piece overhead door or if you can’t use a track-mount contact for some reason, top mounting is the best option. This keeps the contact and magnet off the floor area where damage is most likely to occur.
For more details on actual switch and magnet installation methods, see Garage Door Alarm Contacts - Tips & Techniques.
General information on Hardwire Contacts
For protecting regular doors, get help with a Magnetic Door Switch
Learn about window protection using a Magnetic Reed Switch
To monitor your driveway, check out this Driveway Alert System